When your stomach protrudes up into your chest through an entrance in your diaphragm, the muscle that separates two areas, you have a hiatal hernia. Because the opening is known as a hiatus, this condition is termed a hiatus hernia.
Hiatal hernias are classified into two types: sliding and paraesophageal.
Treatment for Hiatal Hernia
Most people are unaware of the diagnosis of a hiatal hernia and do not require treatment.
If you have heartburn, your doctor may recommend the following medications to treat the symptoms:
- Antacids to reduce stomach acid
- Proton pump inhibitors or H-2 receptor blockers to reduce stomach acid production
- Prokinetics to strengthen your esophageal sphincter, the muscle that prevents stomach acid from supporting up into your esophagus. They also aid in the function of esophageal muscles and emptying the stomach.
- If you have a paraesophageal hernia (when part of your stomach tries to squeeze through the hiatus), your doctor may recommend surgery to keep your stomach from becoming strangled. Sliding hernias may also require surgery if they bleed or become large, horribly mangled, or agitated.
Diaphragm changes as you get older,A rise in abdominal pressure
Heartburn,Chest pain,Trouble swallowing,Upset stomach,Shortness of breath