Select a specific condition below to view its details.
- Arsenic poisoning
What is arsenic?
Arsenic is a grey-appearing chemical element (atomic number 33, symbol As in the periodic table) also termed a metalloid. Arsenic can exist in a metallic state in three forms (yellow, black, and gray; with gray predominating) and in ionic forms. Arsenic is considered to be a heavy metal, and arsenic toxicity shares some features with poisonings by other heavy metals. Historically, arsenic has been used as a medicinal a Read More
- Bulimia nervosa
Bulimia nervosa is an eating disorder in which the affected person experiences episodes of binge eating and purging food and calories.This disorder is a public health problem due to its serious side effects on physical and mental health.This condition mostly affects people who are suffering from body dysmorphia, depression, anxiety and substance abuse disorders.There is no specific cause for bulim Read More
Campylobacteriosis is an infection caused by bacteria you can get from contaminated food and water. It causes diarrhea. You might also hear it called campylobacter, campylobacter infection, or campylobacteriosis gastroenteritis.
- Colitis, collagenous
Collagenous colitis is one type of microscopic colitis. These particular white blood cells can enter the inner wall of the colon as a result of inflammation. This particular type of colitis is uncommon and may be caused by an autoimmune disorder.Cure or medication for Collagenous colitisCollagenous colitis might heal on its own. However, you might require treatment to get better if your symptoms are sev Read More
Cryptosporidiosis is a diarrheal disease caused by microscopic parasites, Cryptosporidium, that can live in the intestine of humans and animals and is passed in the stool of an infected person or animal. Both the disease and the parasite are commonly known as "Crypto." The parasite is protected by an outer shell that allows it to survive outside the body for long periods of time and makes it very resistant to chlorine-based disinfectants. Duri Read More
- Cyclic vomiting syndrome
Cyclic vomiting syndrome presents with recurrent episodes of nausea and vomiting that lasts from hours to days. Pathophysiology is not known yet.In children with cyclic vomiting syndrome, the symptoms appear by age 3 to 7. However, the adults presenting the disease may not have episodes of vomiting in their childhood. There is no cure. However, the symptoms are treatable.TreatmentThe treatme Read More
- Cyclic vomiting syndrome (cvs)
Severe nausea, vomiting, and exhaustion are the conditions that shows Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome (CVS).Diagnosis:Doctors diagnose CVS by ruling out other conditions that may have similar symptoms. They include:Pancreatitis (inflammation of the pancreas), Volvulus or malrotation (twisting of the intestine), UPJ obstruction (a urinary blockage at the point where one of the kidneys attaches to one o Read More
- Duodenal atresia or stenosis
Duodenal atresia or stenosis is a rare inherited autosomal recessive genetic trait( inherit one mutated gene from each parent) in newborns. It is a condition that results in improper development of the first part of the small intestine. The partial development results in the blockages of the path, and food can't process down. However, it is associated with the following risk factors.Down syndrome: It is the mos Read More
- Enterovirulent e. coli (eec)
Enterovirulent E. coli (EEC) are bacterial strains that have a strong tendency to cause gastrointestinal tract infections. However, it is curable through antibiotics.Since it is a bacterial disease, it can be curable through oral and intravenous antibiotics. Following is the list of medications for Entervirulent E. coil (EEC):Azithromycin: It is an antibacterial medication used to cure many bacterial in Read More
- Esophageal aperistalsis
Achalasia symptoms generally appear gradually and worsen over time. Signs and symptoms may include:
Inability to swallow (dysphagia), which may feel like food or drink is stuck in your throat
Regurgitating food or saliva
Chest pain that comes and goes
Coughing at night
Pneumonia (from aspiration of food into the lungs)
- Gastric ulcer
The most common peptic ulcer symptom is burning stomach pain. Stomach acid makes the pain worse, as does having an empty stomach. The pain can often be relieved by eating certain foods that buffer stomach acid or by taking an acid-reducing medication, but then it may come back. The pain may be worse between meals and at night.
Many people with peptic ulcers don't even have symptoms.
Less often, ulcers may cause severe signs or Read More
Gastritis is inflammation of the lining of the stomach. Unfortunately, the term "gastritis" has been misused to include many different upper abdominal problems, but true gastritis refers to the stomach lining (gastric mucosa) that is inflamed. All or part of the gastric mucosa may be involved. Gastritis may be classified as acute or chronic. Acute gastritis may be characterized as erosive (damaged areas where mucosal cells are disrupted or mis Read More
- Gastroenteritis (stomach flu)
Definition of gastroenteritis
Gastroenteritis (often referred to as the "stomach flu," however, it is not related to the influenza virus. Gastroenteritis is a nonspecific term for various inflammatory problems in the gastrointestinal tract with the most common symptoms and signs being diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pains.
As previously mentioned, although it is not caused by influenza viruses, gastroenteritis i Read More
- Hiatal hernia
The esophagus connects the mouth and throat to the stomach. It passes through the chest cavity and enters the abdominal cavity through a hole in the diaphragm called the esophageal hiatus. The term hiatal hernia describes a condition where a part of the stomach that normally is located in the abdominal cavity pushes or protrudes through the esophageal hiatus to rest within the chest cavity. Read More
- Ibs (irritable bowel syndrome) triggers and prevention
IBS (irritable bowel syndrome) triggers and prevention is a condition that is chronic, and the large intestines are affected by it. Symptoms may vary from person to person and are as follows.Cramping - In IBS, severe abdominal pain occurs, and such cramping happens in the lower abdomen. Cramping in the abdomen helps to know if one is suffering from IBS.Bowel movement - In IBS, the timing of the stool remai Read More
- Indigestion (dyspepsia, upset stomach)
Dyspepsia (indigestion) facts
Dyspepsia is a functional disease in which the gastrointestinal organs, primarily the stomach and first part of the small intestine, function abnormally. It is a chronic disease in which the symptoms fluctuate in frequency and intensity.
Theories of the cause of dyspepsia include abnormal input from intestinal sensory nerves, abnormal processing of input from the sensory nerves, and abnorm Read More
Intussusception is the infolding (telescoping) of one segment of the intestine within another.
Intussusception usually results in a blockage of the intestine.
Intussusception occurs primarily in infants (boys more often than girls) but can also occur in adults and older children.
The primary symptoms of intussusception include abdominal pain and vomiting.
Early diagno Read More
- Norovirus infection
There's no specific treatment for norovirus infection. Recovery generally depends on the health of your immune system. In most people, the illness usually resolves within a few days.
- Salmonella typhi infection
Possible signs and symptoms of salmonella infection include:
Stomach (abdominal) cramps
Blood in the stool
Signs and symptoms of salmonella infection generally last a few days to a week. Diarrhea may last up to 10 days, but it may take several months before bowels return to usual stool habits. Read More
- Travelers' diarrhea
The most common signs and symptoms of traveler's diarrhea are:
Abrupt onset of passage of three or more looser watery stools a day
An urgent need to defecate
Sometimes, people experience moderate to severe dehydration, persistent vomiting, a high fever, bloody stools, or severe pain in the abdomen or rectum. If you or your ch Read More
- Trichinosis (trichinellosis)
After you eat roundworm (trichinella) larvae, they grow into adult worms in your small intestine. The adults then produce larvae that move through the bloodstream to muscle tissues, shown here.
Signs and symptoms of trichinosis infection and how severe the infection is can vary. This depends on the number of larvae eaten in the infected meat.
Possibly no signs or symptoms
Mild cases of trichinosis — those with onl Read More
Typhoid is an infectious disease that causes fever, also known as enteric fever. The causative agents are salmonella typhi and paratyphi. Typhoid presents non-specific symptoms. It initially starts with nausea and vomiting that progress to abdominal pain, anorexia, and bloating. It is followed by a small asymptomatic phase that leads to a high fever. If left undiagnosed and treated, the abdominal distress worsens and causes bo Read More
Typically, drugs are used to treat mild-to-moderate ulcers.Antibiotics Antibiotics can treat an ulcer caused by the H. pylori bacteria. Typically, the doctor may prescribe triple or quadruple therapy, which includes numerous antibiotics as well as heartburn medication. Triple therapy includes the use of two antibiotics, such as amoxicillin and clarithromycin, as well as a proton pump i Read More