MWS doesn’t always produce symptoms. This is more common in mild cases when tears of the esophagus produce only a small amount of bleeding and heal quickly without treatment.
In most cases, however, symptoms will develop. These may include:
Blood in the vomit will usually be dark and clotted and may look like coffee grounds. Occasionally it can be red, which indicates it’s fresh.
Blood that appears in the stool will be dark and look like tar, unless you have a large bleed, in which case it will be red.
If you have these symptoms, seek immediate emergency care. In some cases, blood loss from MWS can be substantial and life threatening.
There are other health problems that may produce similar symptoms.
Symptoms associated with MWS may also occur with the following disorders:
- Zollinger-Ellison syndrome, which is a rare disorder in which small tumors create excess stomach acids that lead to chronic ulcers
- chronic erosive gastritis, which is inflammation of the stomach lining that causes ulcer-like lesions
- perforation of the esophagus
- peptic ulcer
- Boerhaave’s syndrome, which is a rupture of the esophagus due to Vomiting
It’s worth noting that MWS is a rare condition, and can only be diagnosed by a doctor. If you exhibit symptoms it’s important to see your physician immediately in order to get a proper diagnosis.