Apple peel syndrome, also known as the Christmas tree intestinal atresia is a rare form of small bowel atresia in which the proximal jejunum or duodenum opens in a blind pouch, and the distal small bowel wraps around its blood supply in a spiral that looks similar to apple peels.
- It is a birth defect caused due to mutation change of genes resulting in blockage in the small intestine.
- This condition is found in babies and is often curable with surgeries and medication.
- Once the baby reaches the healthy stage of operation the doctors can perform surgery and fix this birth disorder.
- However, the doctors can’t find the actual cause of this syndrome but experts find the following as the cause.
The cause of the apple peel syndrome are as follows:
- Reduced blood supply: As per researchers and experts the reduced blood supply to the baby while he is developing in the womb is regarded as a significant reason for the apple peel syndrome. The insignificant blood supply to the baby’s intestine results in the improper growth of the small intestine. However, it is curable once the baby reaches the stage of surgical operation.
- Cystic fibrosis: It is an inherited genetic disorder that leads to damage to digestive tracts and other organs of the body. Moreover, it disturbs the cells that produce digestive juice, sweat, and mucus leading to disturbance in the small intestine.
Occlusion of the jejunum,Resorption of the mesentery,A wrapping of a large part of the small intestine in a spiral around a thin vascular stalk consisting of the left branch of the ileocolic artery
Once the baby is stabilized surgery is the only option for this syndrome.
Abdominal pain and swelling,Vomiting,Inability to have a bowel movement,Loss of appetite