Select a specific condition below to view its details.
Campylobacteriosis is an infection caused by bacteria you can get from contaminated food and water. It causes diarrhea. You might also hear it called campylobacter, campylobacter infection, or campylobacteriosis gastroenteritis.
- Celiac disease
Celiac disease, sometimes called celiac sprue or gluten-sensitive enteropathy, is an immune reaction to eating gluten, a protein found in wheat, barley and rye.
- Colitis, collagenous
Collagenous colitis is one type of microscopic colitis. These particular white blood cells can enter the inner wall of the colon as a result of inflammation. This particular type of colitis is uncommon and may be caused by an autoimmune disorder.Cure or medication for Collagenous colitisCollagenous colitis might heal on its own. However, you might require treatment to get better if your symptoms are sev Read More
- Crohn's disease
Crohn's disease facts
Crohn's disease is a chronic inflammatory disease of the intestines.
The cause of Crohn's disease is unknown.
Crohn's disease can cause ulcers in the small intestine, colon, or both.
Abdominal pain, diarrhea, vomiting, fever, and weight loss are symptoms of Crohn's disease.
Crohn's disease of the small intestine may cause obstruction of the intestine.
Crohn' Read More
Cryptosporidiosis is a diarrheal disease caused by microscopic parasites, Cryptosporidium, that can live in the intestine of humans and animals and is passed in the stool of an infected person or animal. Both the disease and the parasite are commonly known as "Crypto." The parasite is protected by an outer shell that allows it to survive outside the body for long periods of time and makes it very resistant to chlorine-based disinfectants. Duri Read More
- Cyclic vomiting syndrome
Cyclic vomiting syndrome presents with recurrent episodes of nausea and vomiting that lasts from hours to days. Pathophysiology is not known yet.In children with cyclic vomiting syndrome, the symptoms appear by age 3 to 7. However, the adults presenting the disease may not have episodes of vomiting in their childhood. There is no cure. However, the symptoms are treatable.TreatmentThe treatme Read More
- Cyclic vomiting syndrome (cvs)
Severe nausea, vomiting, and exhaustion are the conditions that shows Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome (CVS).Diagnosis:Doctors diagnose CVS by ruling out other conditions that may have similar symptoms. They include:Pancreatitis (inflammation of the pancreas), Volvulus or malrotation (twisting of the intestine), UPJ obstruction (a urinary blockage at the point where one of the kidneys attaches to one o Read More
- Cytochrome c oxidase deficiency
The task of cytochrome C is technical in terms of chemistry and chain formation. But in simple words, it is an enzyme that processes oxygen and energy levels of major organs like the heart, liver, skeletal muscles, and brain.Chains in the DNA of a body carry this enzyme with different protons and electrons for the smooth functioning of Cytochrome C. But the defect or deficiency of this enzyme creates errors and muscle development i Read More
- Enterovirulent e. coli (eec)
Enterovirulent E. coli (EEC) are bacterial strains that have a strong tendency to cause gastrointestinal tract infections. However, it is curable through antibiotics.Since it is a bacterial disease, it can be curable through oral and intravenous antibiotics. Following is the list of medications for Entervirulent E. coil (EEC):Azithromycin: It is an antibacterial medication used to cure many bacterial in Read More
Gastritis is inflammation of the lining of the stomach. Unfortunately, the term "gastritis" has been misused to include many different upper abdominal problems, but true gastritis refers to the stomach lining (gastric mucosa) that is inflamed. All or part of the gastric mucosa may be involved. Gastritis may be classified as acute or chronic. Acute gastritis may be characterized as erosive (damaged areas where mucosal cells are disrupted or mis Read More
- Gastroenteritis (stomach flu)
Definition of gastroenteritis
Gastroenteritis (often referred to as the "stomach flu," however, it is not related to the influenza virus. Gastroenteritis is a nonspecific term for various inflammatory problems in the gastrointestinal tract with the most common symptoms and signs being diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pains.
As previously mentioned, although it is not caused by influenza viruses, gastroenteritis i Read More
- Glucose galactose malabsorption
A deficiency in the transport of glucose and galactose across the intestinal lining results in the rare metabolic condition known as glucose galactose malabsorption (GGM). If lactose (milk sugar), sucrose (table sugar), glucose, and galactose are not eliminated from the diet, GGM is characterised by severe diarrhea and dehydration. If these sugars are not eliminated, GGM can quickly lead to death. However, up to 10% of people could have a litt Read More
- Hiatal hernia
The esophagus connects the mouth and throat to the stomach. It passes through the chest cavity and enters the abdominal cavity through a hole in the diaphragm called the esophageal hiatus. The term hiatal hernia describes a condition where a part of the stomach that normally is located in the abdominal cavity pushes or protrudes through the esophageal hiatus to rest within the chest cavity. Read More
- Indigestion (dyspepsia, upset stomach)
Dyspepsia (indigestion) facts
Dyspepsia is a functional disease in which the gastrointestinal organs, primarily the stomach and first part of the small intestine, function abnormally. It is a chronic disease in which the symptoms fluctuate in frequency and intensity.
Theories of the cause of dyspepsia include abnormal input from intestinal sensory nerves, abnormal processing of input from the sensory nerves, and abnorm Read More
- Listeriosis (listeria monocytogenes infection)
Listeriosis is an infection caused by a gram-positive motile bacterium named Listeria monocytogenes. The infection produces fever, muscle aches, and, in many people, diarrhea. Severe infections can cause headaches, meningitis, convulsions, and death. Most healthy people exposed to the bacteria have minor or no symptoms, but a few people, especially the elderly, pregnant females and their fetus, newborns, and anyone with a compromised immune sy Read More
- Mallory weiss syndrome
Cuts and splits on the lining and inner layers of the esophagus due to many forceful reasons like vomiting or straining, Mallory Weiss Tears. The burning and irritation due to these tears are called Mallory Weiss Syndrome.It is generally felt at an early stage when the cuts are not so deep. But the continuous flow of solid food and the use of vocal cords can raise the issue further.Risk factors:It Read More
- Mallory-weiss laceration
A tear or split in the mucous membrane or inner lining, where the esophagus (lower esophageal tissue) joins the stomach, characterizes Mallory-Weiss Laceration. This condition can occur as a result of severe vomiting.Symptoms of Mallory Weiss LacerationMWS is not usually accompanied by symptoms. This occurs more frequently in milder cases where esophageal tears result in minimal bleeding and heal quickl Read More
- Norovirus infection
There's no specific treatment for norovirus infection. Recovery generally depends on the health of your immune system. In most people, the illness usually resolves within a few days.
- Travelers' diarrhea
The most common signs and symptoms of traveler's diarrhea are:
Abrupt onset of passage of three or more looser watery stools a day
An urgent need to defecate
Sometimes, people experience moderate to severe dehydration, persistent vomiting, a high fever, bloody stools, or severe pain in the abdomen or rectum. If you or your ch Read More
- Trichinosis (trichinellosis)
After you eat roundworm (trichinella) larvae, they grow into adult worms in your small intestine. The adults then produce larvae that move through the bloodstream to muscle tissues, shown here.
Signs and symptoms of trichinosis infection and how severe the infection is can vary. This depends on the number of larvae eaten in the infected meat.
Possibly no signs or symptoms
Mild cases of trichinosis — those with onl Read More
Typically, drugs are used to treat mild-to-moderate ulcers.Antibiotics Antibiotics can treat an ulcer caused by the H. pylori bacteria. Typically, the doctor may prescribe triple or quadruple therapy, which includes numerous antibiotics as well as heartburn medication. Triple therapy includes the use of two antibiotics, such as amoxicillin and clarithromycin, as well as a proton pump i Read More