Select a specific condition below to view its details.
- Acid maltase deficiency
Acid Maltase Deficiency is basically a metabolic muscle disease. Acid maltase deficiency is a metabolic muscle disorder, a group of diseases that interferes with the processing of food (in this case, carbohydrates) for energy production.Acid maltase deficiency results from a defect in the gene for the acid maltase enzyme that prevents the breakdown of glycogen (stored sugar).In adults, this deficiency is a Read More
- Arsenic poisoning
Arsenic is a natural semi-metallic chemical that is usually found in groundwater across the world. Arsenic poisoning, also known as arsenicosis occurs when a person inhales, swallows, or absorbs a high level of arsenic. When left untreated, arsenic poisoning will cause severe health complications. The earlier you diagnose the condition, the better will be the outlook.Short-term arsenic poisoning may cause unpleasant symp Read More
- Esophageal aperistalsis
Achalasia symptoms generally appear gradually and worsen over time. Signs and symptoms may include:
Inability to swallow (dysphagia), which may feel like food or drink is stuck in your throat
Regurgitating food or saliva
Chest pain that comes and goes
Coughing at night
Pneumonia (from aspiration of food into the lungs)
- Folate deficiency anemia
A patient is anemic with low levels of oxygen supplements in the blood. This supplement is hemoglobin, produced by the RBC (Red Blood Cells) of a body. The deficiency of Folate or Vitamin-B12 or B9 defects the production of these RBCs and increases their size abnormally. These dysfunctions RBCs and result in Folate-Deficiency Anemia.Differences in Iron and Folic Acid Deficiency:Iron and folic acid defic Read More
- Gastric banding
Gastric banding is a laparoscopic surgery which is recommended in weight loss. It is recommended hyper obese patients.
The surgeon places a band around the upper part of your stomach to create a small pouch to hold food.
The band limits the amount of food you can eat by making you feel full after eating small amounts of food.
, guidelines recommended gastric band placement only if a person’s body mass index35 or above. Some people with a BMI o Read More
- Glycosylasparaginase deficiency
Glycosylasparaginase deficiency/Aspartylglucosaminuria (AGU) is an inherited disease that causes mental functioning, accompanied by an increase in skin, bone, and joint issues.The condition doesn't show any symptom at birth. However, the signs and symptoms may become apparent between two and four years of age and become progressively worse as the individual ages.Certain risk factors for developing t Read More
- Hal deficiency
HAL deficiency i.e histidine ammonia-lyase (HAL) deficiency or histidase deficiency, hyperhistidinemia or Histidinemia is a rare, autosomal recessive hereditary metabolic disorder.It is caused by a deficiency of the enzyme histidase, which is necessary for metabolizing the amino acid histidine. As a result, elevated levels of histidine are present in the blood.Along with histidine, there are excessive amou Read More
- Hiatal hernia
The esophagus connects the mouth and throat to the stomach. It passes through the chest cavity and enters the abdominal cavity through a hole in the diaphragm called the esophageal hiatus. The term hiatal hernia describes a condition where a part of the stomach that normally is located in the abdominal cavity pushes or protrudes through the esophageal hiatus to rest within the chest cavity. Read More
- Nonspherocytic hemolytic anemia congenit...
Red blood cell premature damage is the primary characteristic of a condition known as Nonspherocytic congenital hemolytic anemia.The body's red blood cells carry oxygen around. Thus, congenital hemolytic anemia is the result of red blood cells being destroyed too early.Nonspherocytic denotes that the red blood cells are not spherical like typical red blood cells.These characteristics are prese Read More
Pyroglutamicaciduria (PGA) is a rare metabolic disorder that causes high levels of PGA in the blood.Pyroglutamic acid (PA) is an intermediate product of glutamine metabolism.Glutamine is a non-essential amino acid that is abundant in the body and is involved in many metabolic processes.PA is formed from glutamine via transamination reactions involving glutamate dehydrogenase (GDH).PA is e Read More
- Reflux laryngitis
Why does reflux laryngitis occur?
Reflux is caused by weakness in the muscle at the junction of the esophagus with the stomach. Normally, this muscular valve, or sphincter, functions to keep food and stomach acid from moving upward from the stomach to the esophagus and larynx. This valve opens to allow food into the stomach and closes to keep the stomach's contents from coming back up. The backward movement of stomach contents (gastric Read More