Peritonitis is an infection within the peritoneum (a supportive membrane lining that surrounds and protects the internal abdominal organs). The condition is of 3 types: spontaneous, secondary, and tertiary.
- Antibiotics: An one-week antibiotic treatment can kill pathogenic bacteria, eliminating acute infection and reducing future complications.
- Commonly used antibiotics include carbapenems (beta-lactamase−resistant beta-lactams), beta-lactams (penicillins), cephalosporins (semi-synthetic beta-lactams), and quinolones (such as ciprofloxacin).
- Surgery. Surgery may be needed to remove infected tissue, treat the underlying cause of the infection, and prevent the infection from further spreading. This is especially for peritonitis caused due to a ruptured appendix, stomach or colon.
- Other treatments. Other treatments for peritonitis include pain medications, fluids given through a tube (intravenous fluids), oxygen and, in some cases, a blood transfusion. The treatments depend on your signs and symptoms.
- Dialysis: Your doctor may recommend that you receive dialysis in another way for several days while your body heals from the infection. If peritonitis persists or recurs, you may need to stop having peritoneal dialysis entirely and switch to a different form of dialysis.
Infection or dehiscence of the surgical site,Enterocutaneous fistula,Abdominal compartment syndrome,Enteric insufficiency
Beta-lactams (penicillins),Carbapenems (beta-lactamase−resistant beta-lactams),Cephalosporins (semi-synthetic beta-lactams),Quinolones (such as ciprofloxacin)
Abdominal pain or tenderness,Bloating or a feeling of fullness in your abdomen,Fever,Nausea and vomiting,Loss of appetite,Diarrhea,Low urine output,Thirst