Clinical Trial: Radiation Induced Atherosclerosis in Breast Cancer Patients
Study Status: Completed
Recruit Status: Unknown status
Study Type: Observational
Official Title: Radiation Induced Atherosclerosis in Breast Cancer Patients
Brief Summary: Radiation induced accelerated atherosclerosis is a well known entity that occurs in different regions, according to the therapy delivered.It is usually begins to be clinically evident several years after the radiation incident, as there is sufficient functional reserve to these vessels.Our proposal is aimed to better characterize this side effect. For that purpose, we have chosen to study women who received radiation to the breast, in which part of the carotid in the irradiated side was in the high energy radiation field. We will use Intima Media Thickening ultrasound to study the pattern of atherosclerosis plaque formation in radiated carotid arteries as compared to non-irradiated carotid arteries in women who are receiving radiation therapy for breast cancer.
Radiation induced atherosclerosis in Breast Cancer patients
Radiation induced accelerated atherosclerosis is a well known entity that occurs in different regions, according to the therapy delivered. This process takes a couple of years to develop. Therefore, the most affected populations are the long term survivors of potentially curative cancers such as Hodgkins lymphoma 1, 2, head and neck cancers 3-6, pelvic cancers (both prostate cancer and cervical cancer) 7, and breast cancer8-14. The mechanism of damage is thought to be direct endothelial damage, which is most significant about 6 months post XRT, followed by inflammation, cholesterol plaque formation and intimal thickening. This cascade, as well as the pathological findings, are similar to what is seen in natively occurring AS. However, in the post XRT setup, it is not limited to one part of the artery and usually encompasses the entire circumference of the radiated segment15-17.
The accelerated atherosclerosis resulting from radiation usually begins to be clinically evident several years after the radiation incident, as there is sufficient functional reserve to these vessels. However, changes can be seen much sooner, and some studies have shown significant changes as soon as one year after the initial insult 2, 18.
Literature reports suggest as high as 77.5% of symptomatic carotid stenosis (on risky regions of common carotid and internal carotid arteries) as compared to 21.6% on the matched control group (consisting of newly diagnosed patients with similar risk factors)18. A retrospective review from Philadelphia on 413 treated patients found RR for stroke of 2, as compared with the general population (matched for risk factors) from the Stockholm database5. Data from the Netherlands suggested risk for stroke as high
Sponsor: Hadassah Medical Organization
Current Primary Outcome:
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Information By: Hadassah Medical Organization
Date Received: October 15, 2006
Date Started: October 2006
Date Completion: January 2010
Last Updated: May 15, 2007
Last Verified: December 2005